Raising Children in the Church
11. Through Protestant Friends: Fortunately, we escaped the scenario where our children might have been tempted by Evangelical Protestant friends to go to their ‘more fun’ church times or Sunday School. Our children had Protestant evangelical friends who did invite them to come to their churches. Our youngest even attended an Evangelical Protestant separate school for several years. This gave us opportunity to discuss the differences in approach to worship and belief between Orthodox and Protestant evangelism. Parents of children with evangelical Protestant friends who make strong and appealing invitations to attend church with them instead of with the family definitely need to enlist the aid of their priest and church school teachers to make them aware of the situation. They also need to have the parish priest and lay educators actively involved in the teaching of the children about the differences “between our church and theirs” in a non-condemnatory way. (Our priest made the completeness of the Orthodox faith a topic of instruction for the older youth group.) After all, these are their valued friends who should not be harshly criticised for their beliefs. One good explanation that I was given is that the Protestant churches are not all wrong in what they believe, but their belief and worship is incomplete. The Orthodox Church has the completeness of belief and worship that we need to obey and worship God.
If the decision to allow a visit to the Protestant church is made, with the priest’s guidance, the parents should go with their children when they are invited. This gives a common base for discussion about what they see and hear there. Discuss the importance of the aspects of worship that were absent from the Protestant church and the errors in understanding about communion, if it is even served. We taught our children that there is an important difference and taught what is lacking in the Protestant setting, and that we do not lack in the Orthodox setting. Again, the priest and the Church school teacher should also be involved in this process of explaining to the children.
Also, the visit should be reciprocal as well so that the Protestant friends should come to our church in the exchange with someone to answer their questions about what they saw and heard.
Orthodox children need to realise that their baptism into the Orthodox Church makes them part of the Orthodox Church family. One worships with one’s family, not with a strange family. For younger children this is much like visiting family members with love; they visit their own cousins and grandparents, not their non-family friends’ cousins and grandparents for family celebrations. The Divine Liturgy is the celebration within the family of God, which they joined at baptism. There is a time to have fun with friends, a time to be with family at home, and a time to be with the family of God they belong to in the Orthodox Church. Above all, the family priest should be involved in helping the children to overcome the temptation of going to church with the Protestant friends instead of the family’s Orthodox church.
Firmness without proper teaching will not keep our children from wandering off from the Orthodox church. Don’t let the children be fooled by the over-emphasis on fun and emotion in Protestant youth worship group settings. Emphasis in Orthodox worship is the joy in the Holy Spirit which lasts. Fun is temporary and depends on the situation and entertainment only. There is a time for fun and play in children’s lives, but there is also a time to learn to worship, to respond to God with an attitude of giving of oneself rather than with the attitude of waiting to be entertained or only to take something away. Our children learned to experience peace and joy through learning how to reach out to our Lord in the ways provided within our Orthodox worship. They were guided in learning to participate in worship to become joyful worshippers, and that in the giving of themselves they received peace, joy, and more love for others as well as a sense of being loved by God. This happened in varying degrees at various times but they were able to experience worship and a living relationship with God. After this, they said that attending Protestant churches was a very unsatisfying experience not to their preference at all. They could sense the lack in the Protestant worship since they had been taught what to look for.
12. Consistory sponsored special presentations for youth: We also took our teens to presentations provided by our Church Office of Missions and Education and St. Andrew’s College about characteristics of cults and other topics. These are authoritative presentations for our youth, are well presented, and impress our youth while providing much needed information. It is well worth the time, money, and effort for youth to attend these.
13. Navigating the problem waters: When things became less than perfect on the church scene, we tried to speak lovingly and graciously about the people involved, to be an example of Christ’s love and forgiveness to the children. We didn’t leave the Church, cut back on attendance, withhold our financial support, show disrespect for the priest or other Church members, or refrain from helping in situations that were challenging to Christian love. Each of these actions would have taught the children a negative message about the Church itself. The children were watching us navigate the church waters and learned our attitudes and values in those situations, hopefully merciful ones. The children learned that the Church is something one doesn’t leave for any reason.
14. Active Church life for Children: We arranged for children and youth to have an active role in church worship and activities. They need to feel a part of the Church community. For example, when our ladies’ group felt overworked, the youth took over preparing, serving and cleaning up the fellowship lunches after Divine Liturgy. The women were relieved and the youth (with supervision from two mothers) did an important job very well. We welcomed children and youth to the choir, and youth had rotating Sunday duties in the services. Youth and children helped with church cleaning, gardening, did visitations to the shut-ins, went carolling at Christmas at Seniors’ Homes, member and adherent homes. We helped the children live an active, productive, sharing and caring Church life along with the adults. We let older children become mentors for children in the younger children’s group to interact with them. We encouraged our children to participate in the Eucharist by example and instruction.
15. The Cultural Context: Because our Orthodox Church has a strong Ukrainian cultural context, we also taught our children the culture and the language as much as we were able so that they would feel comfortable within that context. They also learned to love their cultural identity and cultural ways. We sent them to Ukrainian School, dance groups, and Summer Ukrainian Immersion courses later on. As parents we supported and were involved in helping with such cultural teaching groups that our children and others were involved with. However, cultural considerations alone are not the things that keep our children in our Church. It is the strong, living faith in our Lord Jesus Christ and a right understanding of our Orthodox Church that keeps our children faithfully in our Church whether they speak the language well or not. It is the strong faith that then supports the cultural aspects out of love. A strong dedication to the cultural aspects has not kept the baptised young people of our Church for the last two generations, and it will not keep children in the Church without a true and strong faith in our Lord Jesus Christ. How true are Christ’s words: “Seek first the Kingdom of God and His righteousness, and all these things will be added to you”(Matt.6:33)
16. Building a Support Network away from Home: When the opportunity arose, for the middle and high school age children, we arranged for them to meet with other Orthodox youth from sister churches to interact with them. We took them to summer church camp, to the church affiliated Institutes for summer Ukrainian language courses, conferences, youth jamborees and other gatherings. This showed the children that their church experience wasn’t just a local phenomenon and that others shared this experience with them. It reinforced the validity of the experience for them as well as providing new opportunities for them to share the Orthodox Christian experience with new friends. It provided opportunities for our youth to meet other priests, lay people, and youth from other locales so that they would have a ready network of people they knew to fall back on when they would leave home. Making visits to other sister Orthodox churches when we made family trips away from home helped to provide this, too. Going to church on Sunday or on feast days was on the holiday agenda. This modelled the behaviour for the children of attending a church other than your home church.
17. Prayer corners and all: When they were home and old enough, we provided them with an icon corner in their bedrooms, their own Orthodox Study Bibles, prayer books and other Orthodox reading material to encourage private devotional and prayer times. When they left home the icon corners, Bibles, prayer books and other books went with them.
18. College area contacts: When the children left home to college they had someone in their new area to contact them about attending Church, to give them a ride, to be a friendly welcoming face in another strange congregation. (They each chose a different city in which to study!) We contacted adults – some family, some friends – that the children already knew in the college area and asked them to contact our children to support their first experiences to a new congregation.
19. Living at the Home away from Home – a Ukrainian Orthodox Institute:Since they all stayed at one or other of the church affiliated Institute residences for Ukrainian Orthodox students, the contact adult sometimes was the rector at the Institute. Some of the institutes have daily morning and/or evening chapel services. Some arrange rides to the city churches on Sunday morning. Whatever form it takes, there is an Orthodox Church presence at the Institutes. It all helps. Being the independent, newly-free-from-home young adults, they usually found their own ways to church after the first few times.
20. College days follow-up: We weren’t afraid to ask the children about the frequency of church attendance they were practising and when they had gone to Communion last. We encouraged without judging misses. We reminded them of the feast days and sent or brought them things they needed to celebrate special church customs away from home (My mother mailed me the paska and babka when I was at university so I could make my own basket for Easter morning away from home. I did the same for my children when they needed it.)
21. Living our faith: To help the children, in general, we needed to be as consistent as we could in our own practice of Church life, including the children, including teaching them by word and example why this was important to our lives. It all worked together, everything and all that we did with the children. We lived our faith in front of the children and with them in as many ways as we could remember or knew to do (and this was not done perfectly or even very well by any standard!)
22. Pray, pray, pray for the children: I had to learn that the children were given to us by God and that our care of the children was for Him; we raise them for Him and His glory. I yielded the children to God’s care also in prayer. Like Hannah who gave Samuel back to God, I had to learn to yield the children to God’s ownership, care, and service.
23. Journeying to God with your children: Mind you, we never started with this ‘program’ planned out ahead of time. Some parts of it were done intentionally, and others just happened. It was a learning experience for us – a most challenging one at that! It is much easier to look back now and see what we did do and what effect it had on the children. In general Christian home life, Church life, and prayer were the three keys that I believe helped our children to stay in the Church. When I say Christian home life, it was rather minimal compared to what could have been done. We were beginning our own spiritual journeys learning about our own lives with Christ while we were raising the children. We did not regularly pray before meals or pray together as a family or read the Holy Scriptures together as we could have. These were done in a very haphazard manner usually singly and more privately. The children watched the constant reaching forward toward God as we were learning to strengthen our own relationships with Christ.
24. By the Grace of God: I feel that it was really the Lord Jesus Christ through His Holy Spirit that had most to do with the spiritual development of the children. As parents we led the children to the Church and nudged them in the direction of the Church. It was more the case of setting the stage for the children to learn that they are in God’s presence, to learn to worship Him, to learn to respond to Him for themselves. After all, these were baptised children who bore the seal of the Holy Spirit, who were attended by Guardian Angels. (At the same time we were setting the stage to learn these things more fully for ourselves as parents!)
There is a mysterious way that children have communion with Christ and learn from Him. In general, I think we don’t give children enough credit for their capacity for spirituality. In many ways they are more sensitive to the Holy Spirit than most adults, before the children have yet had the chance to learn how to be insensitive to holy prompting. It was important to provide the right setting for the children to respond to the love of Christ when they were able to do so more easily as little ones. Children have a great hunger for a spiritual life. Guidance and teaching helped them to maintain the progress as they grew in a setting that helped them to continue their journeys with God in the Church, by the Lord’s grace, love, and mercy. They learned to love Jesus Christ and His Church, and the people in it along with the cultural context in which the faith was expressed. One doesn’t leave what one truly loves.
– A sister in Christ